johann wolfgang von goethe lebenslauf referat

[3] Goethe was ennobled in 1782 (this being indicated by the "von" in his name). The Serbian inventor and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla was heavily influenced by Goethe's Faust, his favorite poem, and had actually memorized the entire text. In 1774 he wrote the book which would bring him worldwide fame, The Sorrows of Young Werther. As head of the Saxe-Weimar War Commission, Goethe participated in the recruitment of mercenaries into the Prussian and British military during the American Revolution. In any case this business of hatred between nations is a curious thing. I laid my hand on his heart – there was a deep silence – and I turned away to give free vent to my suppressed tears. [35] Epistolary novels were common during this time, letter-writing being a primary mode of communication. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Goethe's preoccupation with and reverence for Spinoza are well known and documented in the history of Western thought. For Goethe, his first ten years at Weimar could well be described as a garnering of a degree and range of experience which perhaps could be achieved in no other way. Goethe clearly saw human sexuality as a topic worthy of poetic and artistic depiction, an idea that was uncommon in a time when the private nature of sexuality was rigorously normative. He also took great pleasure in reading works on history and religion. In 1765, therefore, Goethe left home to study law in Leipzig. Carl Vogel: "Die letzte Krankheit Goethe's". His writings were immediately influential in literary and artistic circles. [38] He wrote several works on morphology, and colour theory. Unlike most of his contemporaries, he had no need, at least in the first half of his life, to seek princely patronage of his writing or employment as an official or an academic. Das „von“ erhält er, als er 1782 geadelt wird. Freddie Ireland; 2 Life. Updates? Goethe's comments and observations form the basis of several biographical works, notably Johann Peter Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe (1836). [90], Goethe had a great effect on the nineteenth century. His conversations and various shared undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have come to be collectively termed Weimar Classicism. Goethe is the only German literary figure whose range and international standing equal those of Germany’s supreme philosophers (who have often drawn on his works and ideas) and composers (who have often set his works to music). Title: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. [108], His views make him, along with Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, and Ludwig van Beethoven, a figure in two worlds: on the one hand, devoted to the sense of taste, order, and finely crafted detail, which is the hallmark of the artistic sense of the Age of Reason and the neo-classical period of architecture; on the other, seeking a personal, intuitive, and personalized form of expression and society, firmly supporting the idea of self-regulating and organic systems. The body lay naked, only wrapped in a white sheet; large pieces of ice had been placed near it, to keep it fresh as long as possible. Goethe's journey to the Italian peninsula and Sicily from 1786 to 1788 was of great significance in his aesthetic and philosophical development. Followers of the twentieth century esotericist Rudolf Steiner built a theatre named the Goetheanum after him—where festival performances of Faust are still performed. "And yet you heard Mozart in his seventh year at Frankfurt?" Was wisst ihr über diese literarische He was opposed to the church ceremony that was, at the time, the only way of being legally married, so, although she bore Goethe a son, August, in 1789, he didn’t marry her until the Napoleonic army sacked the city in which they lived. From this milieu came Johann Georg Schlosser (who was later to become his brother-in-law) and Johann Heinrich Merck. Poté se odebral do Štrasburku, kde studia posléze dokončil. Sein Vater, Johann Caspar Goethe (1710-1782) war Jurist, lebte aber von seinem Vermögen, so dass er nicht zu Arbeiten hatte. Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832) Narodil se v měšťanské rodině ve Frankfurtu nad Mohanem, studoval práva. "[84][85] He did not join in the anti-Napoleonic mood of 1812, and he distrusted the strident nationalism which started to be expressed. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, (born August 28, 1749, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]—died March 22, 1832, Weimar, Saxe-Weimar), German poet, playwright, novelist, scientist, statesman, theatre director, critic, and amateur artist, considered the greatest German literary figure of the modern era. In acel moment Faust face un pact cu diavolul : diavolul face tot ceea ce ii spune Faust sa faca atat timp cat diavolul este pe pamant, iar in schimb Faust ii spune ca il va servi in iad. [32][citation needed], Goethe was fascinated by Kalidasa's Abhijñānaśākuntalam, which was one of the first works of Sanskrit literature that became known in Europe, after being translated from English to German.[33]. Beethoven declared that a "Faust" Symphony would be the greatest thing for art. In late 1792, Goethe took part in the Battle of Valmy against revolutionary France, assisting Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach during the failed invasion of France. Von 1994 bis 2008 war er Vorsitzender der Gerhart-Hauptmann-Stiftung Kloster auf Hiddensee. He claims to deduce from it that the barometric level varies in the same proportion not only in each zone but that it has the same variation, too, at different altitudes above sea-level". Late at night they burst into his bedroom with drawn bayonets. If an ever busy imagination, of which that tale may bear witness, led me hither and thither, if the medley of fable and history, mythology and religion, threatened to bewilder me, I readily fled to those oriental regions, plunged into the first books of Moses, and there, amid the scattered shepherd tribes, found myself at once in the greatest solitude and the greatest society. 3. On a trip to the village Sessenheim, Goethe fell in love with Friederike Brion, in October 1770,[13][14] but, after ten months, terminated the relationship in August 1771. [46], In 1810, Goethe published his Theory of Colours, which he considered his most important work. "[79][80][81] He was critical of the radicalism of Bentham and expressed sympathy for the prudent liberalism of François Guizot. [91] His non-fiction writings, most of which are philosophic and aphoristic in nature, spurred the development of many thinkers, including Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Schopenhauer, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Ernst Cassirer, and Carl Jung. Der Großvater Goethes, Friedrich Georg Göthé, stammte aus Thüringen. Their last meeting in Carlsbad on 5 September 1823 inspired him to the famous Marienbad Elegy which he considered one of his finest works. In the literary culture of the German-speaking countries, he has had so dominant a position that, since the end of the 18th century, his writings have been described as “classical.” In a European perspective he appears as the central and unsurpassed representative of the Romantic movement, broadly understood. After being translated into English by Charles Eastlake in 1840, his theory became widely adopted by the art world, most notably J. M. W. [40] While not the only one in his time to question the prevailing view that this bone did not exist in humans, Goethe, who believed ancient anatomists had known about this bone, was the first to prove its existence in all mammals. The Federal Republic of Germany's cultural institution, the Goethe-Institut is named after him, and promotes the study of German abroad and fosters knowledge about Germany by providing information on its culture, society and politics. In Alsace, Goethe blossomed. [109], See Johann Wolfgang von Goethe bibliography, "Goethe" and "Göte" redirect here. [44], Goethe's botanical theories were partly based on his gardening in Weimar. He could be said to stand in the same relation to the culture of the era that began with the Enlightenment and continues to the present day as William Shakespeare does to the culture of the Renaissance and Dante to the culture of the High Middle Ages. Vol. [105] He said in Scientific Studies: We conceive of the individual animal as a small world, existing for its own sake, by its own means. Dieses Vermögen ermöglichte auch seinem Sohn ein Leben ohne finanzielle Schwierigkeiten. Goethe's father, a lawyer, prioritized his son's education, enabling him to engage in many literary and cultural pursuits. Carlyles weg zu Goethe. In: Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed., 1954, 'Goethe's Message of Beauty in Our Twentieth Century World', (Friedrich). His written account of these events can be found within his Complete Works. He writes about this period: I had from childhood the singular habit of always learning by heart the beginnings of books, and the divisions of a work, first of the five books of Moses, and then of the 'Aeneid' and Ovid's 'Metamorphoses'. But there exists a level at which it wholly disappears, and where one stands, so to speak, above the nations, and feels the weal or woe of a neighboring people as though it were one's own. 1999 wurde er in die Leibniz-Sozietät gewählt. [51] In the Kurschner edition of Goethe's works, the science editor, Rudolf Steiner, presents Goethe's approach to science as phenomenological. The two became close friends, and crucially to Goethe's intellectual development, Herder kindled his interest in Shakespeare, Ossian and in the notion of Volkspoesie (folk poetry). Stretched upon his back, he reposed as if asleep; profound peace and security reigned in the features of his sublimely noble countenance. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe se narodil v dobře situované a vážené rodině ve Frankfurtu n. M. Studoval v Lipsku a Strasbourgu, kde se potkal s J. G. Hezdrem, filozofem, spisovatelem, literárním vědcem, s nímž stál u zrodu hnutí Sturm und Drang (Bouře a vzdor). This is pictured, somewhat satirically, in George Eliot's Middlemarch. Goethe was vehemently opposed to Newton's analytic treatment of colour, engaging instead in compiling a comprehensive rational description of a wide variety of colour phenomena. Goethe was petrified, Christiane raised a lot of noise and even tangled with them, other people who had taken refuge in Goethe's house rushed in, and so the marauders eventually withdrew again. Frankfurt am Main: Elhunyt: 1832. március 22. 8. Lines from Faust, such as "Das also war des Pudels Kern", "Das ist der Weisheit letzter Schluss", or "Grau ist alle Theorie" have entered everyday German usage. Mladý Goethe se učil řecky, latinsky, hebrejsky, francouzsky, anglicky, a italsky. Referat Johann Wolfgang von Goethe von Julia Grauer Mai 2005 „Denn, was man schwarz auf weiß besitzt, kann man getrost nach Hause tragen.“ Faust I The Frankfurt in which he was born and in which his social attitudes were formed was, as it is now, a wealthy commercial and financial centre, but it was also virtually a self-governing republic, a city-state within the Holy Roman Empire. [9] Among early literary attempts, he was infatuated with Gretchen, who would later reappear in his Faust and the adventures with whom he would concisely describe in Dichtung und Wahrheit. His father and private tutors gave Goethe lessons in all the common subjects of their time, especially languages (Latin, Greek, French, Italian, English and Hebrew). His father had very definite ideas about his education and intended that Goethe should follow the pattern he himself had pursued as a young man: studying law, gaining experience at the Reichskammergericht (the supreme court of the Holy Roman Empire) in Wetzlar, and eventually rounding off his worldly culture with a grand tour to Italy, after which he could marry and settle down, perhaps rising, as his father had not been able to do, to a position of responsibility in the city administration. "[27], Mendelssohn was invited to meet Goethe on several later occasions,[28] and set a number of Goethe's poems to music. [98] Goethe met with her and her partner Benjamin Constant, with whom he shared a mutual admiration. The work subsequently inspired operas and oratorios by Schumann, Berlioz, Gounod, Boito, Busoni, and Schnittke as well as symphonic works by Liszt, Wagner, and Mahler. [41] In 1790, he published his Metamorphosis of Plants. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s father, Johann Caspar Goethe (1710–82), was a man of leisure who lived on an inherited fortune. [58][59] His own descriptions of his relationship to the Christian faith and even to the Church varied widely and have been interpreted even more widely, so that while Goethe's secretary Eckermann portrayed him as enthusiastic about Christianity, Jesus, Martin Luther, and the Protestant Reformation, even calling Christianity the "ultimate religion,"[60] on one occasion Goethe described himself as "not anti-Christian, nor un-Christian, but most decidedly non-Christian,"[61] and in his Venetian Epigram 66, Goethe listed the symbol of the cross among the four things that he most disliked. 60, 1832).[29]. [10] He adored Caritas Meixner (1750–1773), a wealthy Worms trader's daughter and friend of his sister, who would later marry the merchant G. F. By 1820, Goethe was on amiable terms with Kaspar Maria von Sternberg. Johann Wolfgang Goethe, înnobilat în anul 1782 (n. 28 august 1749, Frankfurt am Main – d. 22 martie 1832, Weimar) a fost un poet german, ilustru gânditor și om de știință, una dintre cele mai de seamă personalități ale culturii universale. Although in his academic work he had expressed the ambition to make jurisprudence progressively more humane, his inexperience led him to proceed too vigorously in his first cases, and he was reprimanded and lost further ones. [55], In a conversation on April 7, 1830 Goethe stated that pederasty is an "aberration" that easily leads to "animal, roughly material" behavior. His father had made a similar journey during his own youth, and his example was a major motivating factor for Goethe to make the trip. Frederick drew aside the sheet, and I was astonished at the divine magnificence of the limbs. He also contributed to the planning of Weimar's botanical park and the rebuilding of its Ducal Palace.[4][b]. V letech 1765 – 1768 studoval práva v Lipsku, ale ze zdravotních důvodů musel studium ukončit. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe einer der berühmtesten deutschen Dichter wurde am 28. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the rare giants of world literature. If I tire of her as a girl, she'll play the boy for me as well". [83] Goethe sympathized with the American Revolution and later wrote a poem in which he declared "America, you're better off than our continent, the old. During his first ten years in Weimar, Goethe became a member of the Duke's privy council, sat on the war and highway commissions, oversaw the reopening of silver mines in nearby Ilmenau, and implemented a series of administrative reforms at the University of Jena. The fact that Werther ends with the protagonist's suicide and funeral—a funeral which "no clergyman attended"—made the book deeply controversial upon its (anonymous) publication, for on the face of it, it appeared to condone and glorify suicide. 12, p. 121; trans. Goethe's father, Johann Caspar Goethe, lived with his family in a large house (today the Goethe House) in Frankfurt, then an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire. 4:00. In 1821 Goethe's friend Carl Friedrich Zelter introduced him to the 12-year-old Felix Mendelssohn. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer named Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship one of the four greatest novels ever written,[5][c] while the American philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson selected Goethe as one of six "representative men" in his work of the same name (along with Plato, Emanuel Swedenborg, Montaigne, Napoleon, and Shakespeare). In 1794, Friedrich Schiller wrote to Goethe offering friendship; they had previously had only a mutually wary relationship ever since first becoming acquainted in 1788. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Der Zauberlehrling - … Born 1749 Frankfurt, Germany ; Studied Law at Liepzig University ; Germanys leading man of poetry, drama, science, theology and humanism in late C18th and early C19th ; Married in 1806 ; Died 1832 Weimar, Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach ; 3 Most famous for Faust. The first part was published in 1808 and created a sensation. Goetha přitahovala anglická literatura, zejména dílo Shakespearovo, které mu zosobňovalo ideál tvůrčí svobody. The elephant's skull that led Goethe to this discovery, and was subsequently named the Goethe Elephant, still exists and is displayed in the Ottoneum in Kassel, Germany. Where did Johann Wolfgang von Goethe study law in 1765-1768? Goethe, like Shakespeare and Dante, is among the few writers who define the Western tradition. The first production of Richard Wagner's opera Lohengrin took place in Weimar in 1850. (1749 – 1832) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe se narodil 28. Český - ČTENÁŘSKÝ DENÍK - výběr z děl od spisovatele: Johann Wolfgang Goethe Zu seinen Lei… Again during the Siege of Mainz, he assisted Carl August as a military observer. Er war Schneider von Beruf und arbeitete mehrere Jahre in Frankreich. Jeho slova, která pronesl po návratu z koaličních válek proti francouzské koaliční armádě, se stala památná. The outer shape of the work's plot is widely taken over from what Goethe experienced during his Wetzlar time with Charlotte Buff (1753–1828)[16] and her fiancé, Johann Christian Kestner (1741–1800),[16] as well as from the suicide of the author's friend Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem (1747–1772); in it, Goethe made a desperate passion of what was in reality a hearty and relaxed friendship. Goethe's six-volume autobiography, Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit (1811-22; trans. "[78], Politically, Goethe described himself as a "moderate liberal. The nobility and the grand and petty sovereigns who figured so much in Goethe’s later life had no part in his early experiences: he was a town child from a rich family in an essentially middle-class world. ("Do you know the land where the lemon trees bloom?"). Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832) was a German poet, playwright, novelist, scientist, statesman, theatre director, critic, and amateur artist. 1749 ve Frankfurtu nad Mohanem. This prematurely terminated his career as a lawyer after only a few months. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) a fost unul dintre puţinii artişti creativi chiar şi la o vârstă foarte înaintată. [82] At the time of the French Revolution, he thought the enthusiasm of the students and professors to be a perversion of their energy and remained skeptical of the ability of the masses to govern. [76] A year before his death, in a letter to Sulpiz Boisserée, Goethe wrote that he had the feeling that all his life he had been aspiring to qualify as one of the Hypsistarians, an ancient sect of the Black Sea region who, in his understanding, sought to reverence, as being close to the Godhead, what came to their knowledge of the best and most perfect. Though he had studied law in Leipzig and had been appointed Imperial Councillor, he was not involved in the city's official affairs. August 1749 in Frankfurt am Main geboren. Viewed from within, no part of the animal is a useless or arbitrary product of the formative impulse (as so often thought). The remaining year is largely undocumented, aside from the fact that he spent much of it in Venice. "[98] Staël's portrayal helped elevate Goethe over his more famous German contemporaries and transformed him into a European cultural hero. [17] Despite the immense success of Werther, it did not bring Goethe much financial gain because copyright laws at the time were essentially nonexistent. It was while reciting a certain verse that he was struck with the epiphany that would lead to the idea of the rotating magnetic field and ultimately, alternating current. In 1832, Goethe died in Weimar of apparent heart failure. Liszt and Mahler both created symphonies in whole or in large part inspired by this seminal work, which would give the 19th century one of its most paradigmatic figures: Doctor Faustus. Eckermann closes his famous work, Conversations with Goethe, with this passage: The morning after Goethe's death, a deep desire seized me to look once again upon his earthly garment. Indeed, Werther is often considered to be the "spark" which ignited the movement, and can arguably be called the world's first "best-seller." [89][88] Although often requested to write poems arousing nationalist passions, Goethe would always decline. On 13 October, Napoleon's army invaded the town. [73][74] He was also a pantheist, like some other prominent Spinozists such as Flaubert and Albert Einstein. Goethe admitted that he "shot his hero to save himself": a reference to Goethe's own near-suicidal obsession with a young woman during this period, an obsession he quelled through the writing process. Later, a facet of its plot, i.e., of selling one's soul to the devil for power over the physical world, took on increasing literary importance and became a view of the victory of technology and of industrialism, along with its dubious human expenses. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [15] Several of his poems, like "Willkommen und Abschied", "Sesenheimer Lieder" and "Heidenröslein", originate from this time. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him have survived. His works include: four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour. Reluctantly and with some delay, Goethe followed his father’s prescription, although he did not complete the final stages until some years after his father’s death. The Lover’s Caprice), begun in 1767. He was fascinated by mineralogy, and the mineral goethite (iron oxide) is named after him. Externally, some parts may seem useless because the inner coherence of the animal nature has given them this form without regard to outer circumstance. "[56] On another occasion he wrote: "I like boys a lot, but the girls are even nicer. Johann Caspar, feeling frustrated in his own ambitions, was determined that his children should have all those advantages that he had not.[6]. Thus...[not] the question, What are they for? Goethe was, however, the first to systematically study the physiological effects of colour, and his observations on the effect of opposed colours led him to a symmetric arrangement of his colour wheel, "for the colours diametrically opposed to each other ... are those which reciprocally evoke each other in the eye. [78] August Wilhelm Schlegel considered Goethe "a heathen who converted to Islam. 1: Briefe der Jahre 1764–1786. Suicide is considered sinful by Christian doctrine: suicides were denied Christian burial with the bodies often mistreated and dishonoured in various ways; in corollary, the deceased's property and possessions were often confiscated by the Church. Nachher bekommt ihr einige Fragen zum Gesagtem. The first operatic version of Goethe's Faust, by Louis Spohr, appeared in 1814. Homology, or as Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire called it "analogie", was used by Charles Darwin as strong evidence of common descent and of laws of variation. Preview referat: Faust de Johann Wolfgang von Goethe . In 1823, having recovered from a near fatal heart illness, the 74-year-old Goethe fell in love with the teenaged Ulrike von Levetzow whom he wanted to marry, but because of the opposition of her mother he never proposed. Goethe's poetic work served as a model for an entire movement in German poetry termed Innerlichkeit ("introversion") and represented by, for example, Heine. ), but this is disputed as Vogel was not in the room at the moment Goethe died. Goethe’s mother, Catharina Elisabeth Textor (1731–1808), was one of the daughters of Frankfurt’s most senior official and was a lively woman closer in age to her son than to her husband. Schuler.[11]. His later spiritual perspective incorporated elements of pantheism (heavily influenced by Spinoza's thought),[64][66][75] humanism, and various elements of Western esotericism, as seen most vividly in part 2 of Faust. 1749 ve Frankfurtu nad Mohanem. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832), der größte deutsche Dichter und Denker, war ein Universalgenie. Some well-known quotations are often incorrectly attributed to Goethe. [72] Like Lessing and Herder, in many respects, Goethe was a devoted Spinozist. Goethe also had the largest private collection of minerals in all of Europe. Goethe obtained a copy of the biography of a noble highwayman from the German Peasants' War. Goethe, aside from official duties, was also a friend and confidant to the Duke, and participated fully in the activities of the court. [48] Goethe's work also inspired the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, to write his Remarks on Colour. [54], Many of Goethe's works, especially Faust, the Roman Elegies, and the Venetian Epigrams, depict erotic passions and acts. His last words, according to his doctor Carl Vogel, were, Mehr Licht! The mighty brow seemed yet to harbour thoughts. The phrase Goethe uses is "Mischmasch von Irrtum und Gewalt", in his "Zahme Xenien" IX. Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing. [34] However, Goethe explained his use of Werther in his autobiography. Faust became the ur-myth of many figures in the 19th century. Der »Dichterfürst« war zudem Staatsmann und beeinflusste die Kunst seiner Zeit. Goethe, now in his seventies, was greatly impressed by the child, leading to perhaps the earliest confirmed comparison with Mozart in the following conversation between Goethe and Zelter: "Musical prodigies ... are probably no longer so rare; but what this little man can do in extemporizing and playing at sight borders the miraculous, and I could not have believed it possible at so early an age." His poetry was set to music by almost every major Austrian and German composer from Mozart to Mahler, and his influence would spread to French drama and opera as well. Goethe became severely ill in Frankfurt. In a couple of weeks the biography was reworked into a colourful drama. But that in my century I am the only person who knows the truth in the difficult science of colours—of that, I say, I am not a little proud, and here I have a consciousness of a superiority to many. [8], Goethe also became acquainted with Frankfurt actors. "[101], It was to a considerable degree due to Goethe's reputation that the city of Weimar was chosen in 1919 as the venue for the national assembly, convened to draft a new constitution for what would become known as Germany's Weimar Republic. In the decades which immediately followed its publication in 1816, Italian Journey inspired countless German youths to follow Goethe's example. He detested learning age-old judicial rules by heart, preferring instead to attend the poetry lessons of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. During the years at Weimar before he met Schiller he began Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, wrote the dramas Iphigenie auf Tauris (Iphigenia in Tauris), Egmont, Torquato Tasso, and the fable Reineke Fuchs. In 1806, Goethe was living in Weimar with his mistress Christiane Vulpius, the sister of Christian A. Vulpius, and their son Julius August Walther [de]. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe > German poet, novelist, playwright, courtier, and natural philosopher, one of the greatest figures in Western literature. [30] He is buried in the Ducal Vault at Weimar's Historical Cemetery. A perfect man lay in great beauty before me; and the rapture the sight caused me made me forget for a moment that the immortal spirit had left such an abode. Already at this time, Goethe wrote a good deal, but he threw away nearly all of these works, except for the comedy Die Mitschuldigen. Bug Yoda 3,522 views. (In later years Goethe would bypass this problem by periodically authorizing "new, revised" editions of his Complete Works. [23], Days afterward, on 19 October 1806, Goethe legitimized their 18-year relationship by marrying Christiane in a quiet marriage service at the Jakobskirche in Weimar [de]. Italian Journey only covers the first year of Goethe's visit. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe und die Romantik Johann Wolfgang von Goethe "Wenn du eine weise Antwort verlangst, musst du vernünftig fragen." Referat über Goethe // Der Tragödie zweiter Teil HD (2/2) - Duration: 4:00. August 1749 in Frankfurt am Main geboren. The author W. Daniel Wilson [de] claims that Goethe engaged in negotiating the forced sale of vagabonds, criminals, and political dissidents as part of these activities.[22]. In many respects, he was the originator of many ideas which later became widespread.

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